SBIR Awarded Contracts http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm Small Business Innovation Research Program Contracts Mon, 21 Apr 2014 12:10:01 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2011: distributed MBARK Based Mobile Face Recognition http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=311 The technical objective of this project is to develop a prototype of a face recognition application in a cloud computing environment utilizing MBARK as the middleware. The application will have a client piece that will run on a mobile device such as a laptop and a server piece that will run on a higher-performance computing cluster. The specific objectives of this development project can be enumerated as follows: 1. Implement a distributed MBARK system that allows local functions, such as data capture and filtering, to pass data and control streams to/from remote server functions such as compute-intensive analysis Sat, 01 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2011: High Speed and High Sensitivity Quadrant Photodetector http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=310 To further advance the characterization and utility of microcantilevers, next generation optical detectors with higher frequency response, improved displacement resolution and lower noise for weak signal detection are needed. Consequently, Radiation Monitoring Devices, Inc. (RMD) will develop a turnkey optical detector module for use in characterizing the displacement and resonant frequencies of microcantilevers used in scanning probe microscopes and sensing applications. This module will meet desirable detector specifications, including a bandwidth of at least 50 MHz, displacement resolution of 0.1 microns and high responsivity to wavelengths in the visible and near-infrared. At the end of the Phase 1 Sat, 01 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2011: A Novel Enhanced-Performance Low-Cost Receiver and a Modified Modulation Scheme for WWVB http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=309 This Phase 2 project targets the completion of the development of an improved system for the broadcasting of the WWVB signal, as a direct continuation of the Phase 1 project, which successfully validated the proposed approach through a feasibility study and analyses. Objectives of this project include the design of the new modulation scheme and protocol, the development of a new time-code generator to be used in place of the existing one, and the development and demonstration of a receiver prototype that can validate the expected improvement in the performance, as well as low-cost manufacturability. The novel receiver architecture, Sat, 01 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2011: Decision Support Tools for Sustainable Manufacturing http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=308 Our vision is that of an integrated decision support solution that transforms the current time-consuming and reactive (post-design) sustainability assessment of a product into a proactive approach available in the early design phases. This solution called Sustainability Integrated into Early Design (SIED) will deliver lifecycle sustainability data into early design processes and focus primarily on the key area of target cascading, which does not exist for sustainability metrics, such as carbon footprint. The objective of this SBIR Phase 2 proposal is to extend our Phase 1 research and findings toward the development of a fully functional prototype that forms the Sat, 01 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2011: Massively Parallel High Temperature Probe System for Wafer-level Reliability Testing http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=307 Historical methods of reliability assessment are less and less effective as device sizes shrink. Larger sample sizes and longer duration tests are increasingly needed. At the same time, efforts to continue scaling semiconductors to ever smaller geometries is leading to an explosion of new device structures, materials and processes. The cost of testing these innovations is becoming a major barrier to their commercialization. The NIST Phase 1 project demonstrated that existing reliability test systems cannot reduce the cost of test significantly for these long duration tests, but concluded that a tightly integrated system offers the potential for a 10-fold reduction Sat, 01 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2011: Interferometric Angle Measurement http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=306 Optical Physics Company is proposing to implement an interferometric angle sensor for the purpose of determining the relative angle between the two diffracting crystals. Two approaches can be pursued, namely (1) the dual grating interferometer, and (2) the angle interferometer. The estimated cost of materials for building the angle sensor in quantity ranges between $2K and $12K. The expected accuracy is better than 0.1 arc seconds across a range of 0.25 degrees. The design meets all requirements named in the solicitation, including size, weight, bandwidth and lifetime. The Phase 1 work will build and test a prototype interferometer which will Sat, 01 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2011: Optical Instrumentation for MEMS Oscillatory Parallel-Plate Rheometer http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=305 Leveraging Agiltron&&&#35;35&#59;39&&#35;59&#59;s industrial leading developments for optical measurement of motion in MEMS devices, we propose to use electro-optical sensors for measuring the displacement and gap in the NIST micro-rheometer. No electrical connections are required to the moving parts. All electronics and optics are removed from the chip so that it is inexpensive and disposable. A fixed, simple micro-fluidic channel is added to cover plate to allow automated calibrated filling of the sample volume. The technical approach will be proved in Phase 1 through the numerical analysis, design and experiments. Complete drawings will be delivered to NIST at the end Sat, 01 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2011: Anion Exchange Resins for Chirality-based Separation of Single-wall Carbon Nanotubes http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=304 Single chirality of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) is critical for their superb mechanical, thermal, optical and electronic properties. All known methods for producing nanotubes give mixtures of tubes with different chiralities. Physical separation of SWCNT by chirality is thus an enabling step for many potential applications and fundamental studies. The existing anion exchange resins are only partially effective for SWCNT chirality separations, with low recovery (30%) and short column life time (20 injections). Sepax Technologies, Inc. proposes to develop a new anion-exchange resin to drastically improve chirality resolution of SWCNTs. Sepax will apply its proven surface technology to in-house made Sat, 01 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2011: High Performance Signal Processing Tools with Fluctuation-Enhanced Sensing http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=303 We propose a high performance library of signal processing tools that incorporate a newly developed technique known as fluctuation enhanced sensing (FES) to enhance the novel microsensor developed at NIST. Our goal is to improve the performance of the NIST sensor from two angles. One is to apply our existing proven algorithms to the NIST data. The other one is to incorporate advanced FES concept to the tools. Besides the mean (steady state) sensor values collected at various temperatures, the key concept of FES is to use a low noise amplifier to enlarge the small stochastic fluctuations in the sensor. Sat, 01 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2011: Production Methods and Software for NIST Calibration Phantoms http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=302 Currently, there are over 10,000 MRI scanners used in the US alone. US citizens today are mobile and many times medical treatments may require MRI scans from several different facilities. Images from MRI scanners can also drift over time. There is a tremendous need for all medical imaging scanners to be on the same level. Sigma-K will develop the commercialization of the ISMRM/NIST MRI Calibration Phantom. Sigma-K will develop a manufacturing technique that will produce a phantom that is consistent and accurate over the phantom life of five years. Our production system will allow these phantoms to be sold at Sat, 01 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2011: A Versatile Microbot Fabrication Platform http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=301 AMT Nano, LLC has developed innovative technology for achieving a versatile microrobot platform. The innovation relies on a unique micromolding process, which is low-cost and high-throughput, and high precison. The process achieves versatility by generating deterministic freeform shapes in polymers and nanocomposites. Several perceived benefits accompany the micromolding process. Due to the three-dimensional nature, designers can introduce continuous contours and curvatures that would prove formidable to conventional stratified techniques. Material can be applied with varying thickness and imparted with desired optical, electrical, and magnetic properties via nanocomposites. The overall microrobot size and shape is not constrained and the minimum feature Sat, 01 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2011: 3D Tip Characterization and Surface Reconstruction http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=300 NMI proposes to demonstrate the feasibility of 3-dimensional characterization of nanoscale objects using scanning probe microscopy with a measurement uncertainty of less than 0.7 nm. To accomplish this task, we propose a novel method of 3D tip characterization and use of an innovative surface reconstruction algorithm recently introduced by NIST and the Illinois Institute of Technology. The crucial next step is implementation into systems useful to the industry. Our team comprises experts in tip characterization and image reconstruction, and critical dimension reference metrology. Specifically, this includes the co-developer of the dexel method together with the first individual to introduce CD Sat, 01 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2011: An Extensible 6DOF Vision Framework for Accurate Location and Pose Estimation in a Scene Graph Context http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=299 RoadNarrows proposes a novel architecture to be implemented in a 6DOF vision system with applications in autonomous robotics. The system will report objects of interest along with location and pose information to a supervising computer. This system will be built around an advanced 3D vision platform that can deliver multiple video streams and 3D spatial measurements. The sensors will deliver high-resolution real-time spatial data which will be incorporated into an innovative framework for creating a scene graph approximation of the environment. Each set of measurements received from the sensor will be used to refine this scene graph model. The scene Sat, 01 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2011: Environmental Chambers for and Integrating Sphere-based Weathering Device http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=298 Using a new concept for humidity control, based on a proprietary saturated air source, MAC will develop a design for an environmental chamber for use with NIST’s SPHERE UV source, in weathering or other UV degradation studies. The chamber will interface to the exit port of the SPHERE, maintaining the material coupons, mounted in a standardized sample holder, at a programmed temperature and relative humidity, within specified tolerances, for the duration of testing. The design will include the novel humidity source and evaluate a new humidity control scheme for possible inclusion or adaptation. Sat, 01 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2011: An Integrated Decision Support Framework for Sustainability CAE http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=297 The objective of this proposal is to establish the feasibility of developing an integrated decision support framework that transforms the current time-consuming and reactive (post completion of final design) sustainability assessment into a proactive CAE approach that enables the ability to revise designs based on performance against selected sustainability targets in the product design process, i.e., enables design optimization for sustainability. This framework, called Sustainability CAE (SCAE) will leverage the latest advancements in open standards and software capabilities, capture lifecycle-wide information relevant to sustainability and its assessment and organize and integrate it in a usable form with the analysis Sat, 01 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2011: Enhanced Security Content Automation Protocol Editor http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=296 G2 proposes to develop an intuitive, interactive SCAP content creation and editing utility that will provide a user-friendly operating environment. The promise of security automation offers the opportunity for great advances in software assurance, security governance/reporting, and ongoing monitoring activities. Hindering that promise is the fact that current data exchange protocols are cumbersome and complex, based on effective but difficult XML checklists, complicated definitions calling intricate tests from multiple repositories through evolving languages. The proposed product will include a local application supported by a database repository housing existing SCAP content, supporting a web-based interface where practical. Sat, 01 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2011: Using Automated Abstractions to Classify System States for Software Health Monitoring http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=295 In most critical software systems, a state that is partially visible through values passed across interfaces contains information that could determine the health of the software system, and whether a failure is likely in the future. Some of this information behaves in a continuous fashion, e.g., the available memory or disk space is easily interpreted to monitor system health. Other values are nominal and lack a simple quantitative interpretation, e.g., finite automation states in a protocol, IP addresses, pointer values, or file names The danger of failure in these cases may be observable only in complex relationships between state values, Sat, 01 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2011: An Automated Test Bed for Assessing System-of-System (SoS) Assurance http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=294 As System-of-Systems (SoS) become more complex, interactions and latent emergent behaviors become difficult to identify and control. Unmanned Autonomous Systems (UAS) are a prime example of SoS that are both critical and difficult to assure. Drawing upon prior work into multi-criteria decision making (MCDM), DeVivo AST has developed TOP Score, a software tool that facilitates the modeling and analysis of complex UAS using decomposition and empirical testing. This approach for fundamental characteristic attribution using multiple confounded tests provides increased model power and predictiveness. Unlike traditional MCDM tools, TOP Score allows for the isolation of key characteristics, dimensions, or “-ilites’ of Sat, 01 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2010: Programmable Fingerprint Emulator http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=293 This proposal is for the development of a technology apparatus which can dynamically synthesize a mechanical fingerprint pattern, from an electronic image or from a computer-generated artificial pattern, onto a 2-dimensional pliable surface whose surface height is modulated by protrusions in the z-axis direction. When mechanically applied to a fingerprint sensor-under-test, the synthesized modulated surface appears to be a human fingerprint. Thus, the instrument can be utilized to apply all sorts of pre-programmed, standardized, controlled and/or experimental fingerprint patterns to a variety of sensors-under-test. Some of the key parametric attributes of this technology are: greater-than-500dpi resolution, large contiguous active area Fri, 01 Oct 2010 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2010: Comprehensive Residential Energy Monitoring System http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=292 NIST needs a complete residential energy monitoring system to convey real-time comprehensive energy consumption data by particular end-use to occupants. POC developed a new Comprehensive Wireless Residential Energy Monitoring (CORE) system that integrates multiple wireless sensor modes with a unique radio board into an innovative wireless network architecture. Key Phase I developments were a first-of-a-kind noninvasive clamp-on mass flow sensor for water consumption monitoring and a GUI that presents understandable energy usage data to promote energy-efficient behavior. POC met all Phase I objectives through system design, sensor research and simulation, sensor/system development, assembly, and demonstrating a proof-of-concept prototype to NIST. Fri, 01 Oct 2010 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2010: Sensor Systems for Complete Residential Energy Monitoring - Phase II http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=291 Fri, 01 Oct 2010 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2010: Compact fs Fiber Laser Source for Broadband CARS Microscopy http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=290 Based on our success in developing the world’s first commercial 10 W femtosecond fiber laser system and our leading technology development in ultrashort pulsed fiber laser, PolarOnyx proposes, for the first time, a compact high power dual band integrated fiber laser source. The integrated system will be the first extremely compact comprehensive system to address NIST’s current and future needs for accessing molecular fingerprints via chemical imaging of materials and biological systems. The key for the commercialization of BBCARS is the development of advanced performance laser system. In the current proposal a new approach is suggested for generation of compressible Fri, 01 Oct 2010 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2010: Development of Pulse/DC Characterization System for LEDs http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=289 Development of LEDs for various applications, such a vehicle lighting, signage, and commercial and residential solid state lighting is progressing at a rapid pace. Various methods exist for measuring the performance of LEDs, but variations in test configurations, thermal management, T&M equipment, and operator experience lead to significant variation in measured performance. The project will design a commercially viable instrument for precisely controlling LED junction temperatures for consistent and repeatable performance during LED test processes. The method, as defined by the Zong/Ohno, eliminates the variations and repeatability errors in thermal interfaces and ensures the junction temperature, a key metric in LED Fri, 01 Oct 2010 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2010: Phase-Stabilized 1-GHz Fiber-Laser Frequency Combs at 2~5um for Coherent Fourier Transform Spectroscopy http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=288 The GHz-rate phase-stabilized fiber-laser frequency comb system is proposed to be used as a light source for coherent Fourier transform spectroscopy. The system will be developed based on our proprietary glass/fiber technology, which features a low-cost, robust, highly stable, mid-infrared light source that enables the development of a robust portable c-FTIR spectrometer for absorption measurements of many important chemical/biological species. Both the pulse repetition rate and carrier-to-envelop offset frequency of the comb system are stabilized. Important key concepts in the proposed system have been demonstrated in the Phase I effort. This Phase II program will focus on the development Fri, 01 Oct 2010 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2010: A Method for Specification of Efficeint and Effective Strategies for Measurement of a Measurement Article on a Coordinate Measuring Machine by Use of Measurement Simulation Techniques http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=287 We propose the definition, design, and prototype development of a software tool for use by the U.S. manufacturing community to enable the automated production of design-based measurement strategies of know reliability and high economic efficiency for coordinate measuring machines (CMMs). The measurement strategies so generated will meet the objective of reducing overall costs to near-minimal values, based on consideration of costs associated with both the direct use of the suggested measurement strategy and with its attendant risks of Type I and Type II accept/reject decision errors. The measurement programs will be created in a CMM-independent format (DMIS) to be applicable Fri, 01 Oct 2010 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2010: High Efficiency, Large-Area, 1550 nm InGaAs Photodiodes http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=286 A back-illuminated planar InGaAs photodiode tested to have 95% quantum effiiency (QE) at 1550 nm, area greater than 1 mm2, low capacitance (<23 pF), and high bandwidth (>125 MHz) will be improved. Although the existing Phase I device exhibited bulk material dark current generation better than commercially available devices, the sidewall-generated dark current was found to dominate the noise equivalent power (NEP) performance. With all other aspects of the device shown to meet the requirements of optical quantum state tomography, in Phase II, standard planar processing will be used to fabricate the innovation, so that the bulk-InGaAs dominated performance limit Fri, 01 Oct 2010 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2010: Distributed MBARK Based Mobile Face Recognition http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=285 Perform a feasibility study on developing a face recognition application in a cloud computing environment utilizing MBARK as the middleware. The application will have a client piece that will run on a mobile device and a server piece that will run on a higher-performance computing cluster. The specific objectives of the feasibility can be enumerated as follows: 1. Split/distribute the MBARK middleware to allow local functions – such as sensor data capture and filtering – to pass data and control streams with server functions such as compute-intensive analysis and database matching. 2. Create a face recognition workflow in the XML format Fri, 01 Oct 2010 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2010: High Char Yield Multifunctional textile Finishes http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=284 A need exists for advances in non toxic treatments for cover and barrier fabrics. Since polybrominated materials have been banned in many European countries and the production of a number of brominated additives terminated in the U.S. as well, future technologies must focus on non-halogenated treatments. In general, non-halogenated treatments (phosphates and borates) are not durable to aqueous solutions. Barrier fabrics are useful in reducing the risk of fires, however many of the synthetic polymers used in them do not form cohesive char layers or they experience significant shrinkage during initial exposure. This allows holes to form, allowing for off Fri, 01 Oct 2010 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2010: High Speed and High Sensitivity Quadrant Photo Detector http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=283 To further advance the characterization and utility of microcantilevers, next generation optical detectors with higher frequency response, improved displacement resolution and lower noise for weak signal detection are needed. Consequently, Radiation Monitoring Devices, Inc. (RMD) will develop a turnkey optical detector module for use in characterizing the displacement and resonant frequencies of microcantilevers used in atomic force microscopes and sensing applications. This module will meet desirable detector specifications, including a bandwidth of at least 50 MHz, displacement resolution of 0.1 µm and high responsivity to wavelengths in the visible and near-infrared. At the end of the Phase 1 effort, Fri, 01 Oct 2010 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2010: A novel enhanced-performance low-cost receiver and modified modulation scheme for WWVB http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=282 The development of a greatly enhanced receiver for the WWVB signal is targeted, as well as possible modifications in the transmitted signal, which would both offer significant improvements in its effective coverage. This is to be achieved while allowing the replacement of the bulky, expensive, ferrite-based antenna, commonly used in the receiver, with a novel lower-cost antenna. Furthermore, the proposed receiver architecture, leveraging on today’s technologies for integrated receivers and on newly proposed schemes, would allow for the elimination of the commonly used high-cost crystal filter, while improving selectivity and robustness to interference. The proposed modification to the transmitted signal is Fri, 01 Oct 2010 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2010: Development of MicroFluidic Palette for Cellular Responses to Chemical Stimuli http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=281 Current research tools to understand tumor cell migration and metastases are limited to linear gradients or constant flow across cells skewing results. Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology developed a tool called the microfluidic palette which exposes cells to chemical stimuli in a static environment overcoming the limitations above. Several improvements are necessary before this technology can be put to use in research. 1) Simplify the current complex assembly and connections, 2) decrease the excessively large footprint, 3) integrate temperature control to enable mammalian cell culture. We will demonstrate a device design engineered to simplify Fri, 01 Oct 2010 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2010: Decision Support Tools for Sustainable Manufacturing http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=280 The objective of this proposal is to establish the feasibility of developing an integrated decision support tool that transforms the current time-consuming and reactive (post-design) sustainability assessment into a real-time, proactive approach available in the early phases of product design. This tool, called Sustainability Integrated into Early Design (SIED), will define and capture lifecycle-wide information relevant to sustainability and its assessment, and make it available in the product design phase. The availability of this information in a timely and accurate manner, in turn, will enable the development of value-added, vertically specialized tools for activities such as material usage monitoring, Fri, 01 Oct 2010 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2010: 300 mm High Density Temperature Probe Card for Wafer- Level Reliability Testing http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=279 Historical methods of reliability assessment are less and less effective as device sizes shrink. Already researchers are unable to package the many advanced devices because the act of cutting the wafer and the packaging operation pre-stresses or destroys the devices resulting in unreliable test results. Additionally the increasing cost of fabricating a wafer with advanced integrated circuit technology requires the designer to maximize the utilization of the wafer real estate. Additionally smaller devices require electrical characteristics and the short term and long term reliability to be know with even higher precision and accuracy. This is a proposal to design Fri, 01 Oct 2010 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2009: Development and Manufacturing of Lightweight Textile Fire Barrier for Furniture and Mattresses http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=278 Through this NIST SBIR program, Tex Tech Industries is developing furniture and mattress fire blocking materials. Fire barrier methods are necessary to protect furniture and mattresses from fire. In Phase I, Tex Tech used a variety of fibers to make and evaluate fibers for fire barriers. In Phase II, Tex Tech proposed to continue to develop a fire protection barrier from textiles that can potentially provide better fire protection, are easy to use and put into production, and low cost. Tex Tech will work with Georgia Tech’s Dr. Satish Kumar, who has developed a polyacrylonitrile (PAN) and carbon nanofiber (CNF) Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2009: Visible Hyperspectral Image Projector Based on Spatial Light Modulators http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=277 There are many applications for hyperspectral image detectors, but for the detectors to be widely accepted standardized calibration protocols must be developed. This research aims to bridge this gap through the development of a commercially available hyperspectral image projector (HIP) system. The proposed effort is to build a prototype visible HIP system to generate calibrated, realistic imagery with enough fidelity such that, from the viewpoint of the sensor under test, the scene is indistinguishable from the real-world. This system will incorporate two liquid crystal on silicon spatial light modulators (SLM). The first SLM will be used in the spectral engine Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2009: Expressive Integrity Constraint Validation with OWL http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=276 We propose to develop a commercially adequate, robust and perfomant OWL-based Integrity Constraint (IC) validation system with several innovations, including novel debugging and explanation support for data integrity errors; incremental and optimized validation of data integrity; and a unified system for validating structured, semi-structured, and semantic data. A rigorous and formal specification of the semantics of OWL-based ICs will also be delivered. The goal of Phase II works is to address two primary use cases:1) validation of data sources that are of arbitrary size and complexity, with arbitrary numbers of constraints, and non-trivial update rates; 2) validation of messages exchanged in Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2009: High Efficiency Up conversion Single-Photon-Detector for 1550 nm Signal http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=275 This NIST Phase II SBIR effort will two low noise single photon detectors using MgO doped LiNbO3 (LN) periodically poled waveguides and a 980nm (or similar appropriate wavelength) pump to up convert 1550nm photons to 600nm to allow for detection by photomultiplier tube (PMT). The key innovation is using low noise periodically poled waveguides with a long wavelength (1800nm) pump leading to higher efficiency single photon detectors when used with PMTs or Silicon-based avalanche photo diode single photon detectors (Si-APD). Use of waveguide Sum Frequency Generation (SFG) for 1550nm to 600 nm up-conversion cou0pled with inexpensive and very efficient PMT Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2009: Innovative Residential Fire Detection http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=274 Southwest Sciences’ Phase 2 SBIR project will lead to development of residential fire sensing systems based on recently developed, low cost temperature and optical imaging sensors combined with newly introduced highly miniaturized, micropower CO sensors. Sensor modules will be part of a low power wireless network. Each module will be about ½ the size of a business card, a few mm thick, and will operate for at least a year using a lithium battery. Volume production will keep prices low enough (we aim for $10) that it will be practical to install at least one in each room of a Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2009: High Power, Mid-Infrared Fiber Supercontinuum Light Source http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=273 Modern supercontinuum (SC) light sources are generated by non-linear interactions between ultrashort laser pulses and optical fibers. These light sources have high brightness and are spatially coherent. Output in near-ultraviolet to near-infrared wavelength ranges has been demonstrated. SC wavelength ranges are constrained by the transmission and dispersion properties of the fibers. Previously, output to 4.5 microns was achieved using fluoride glass fibers. In Phase 1, we achieved supercontinuum output to 5.8 microns in tellurite glass fibers setting a record for mid-IR supercontinuum generation. Further improvements into the mid-infrared region (meaning 6 to 12 microns) would enable a plethora of new Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2009: RBAC-based Workflow http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=272 Role-based workflow (RBW) is a NIST invention that used RBAC technology to implement workflow, with the goal of making workflow easier to maintain and more secure. At this time, Virtual Global has completed a Phase I SBIR effort, in which computer software was created to automate the invention in the form of web services. The Phase I effort was successful in proving the feasibility of the invention, as well as discovering commercial applications of the invention for secure software that manages healthcare records. Specifically, RBW provides hospital staff with momentary access to a single record on an “as needed” basis, Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2009: Kilopixel Array Cryostat (KPAC) System for Mulit-kilogram Transition Edge Sensor (TES) Arrays http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=271 Transition Edge Sensor (TES) detector development at NIST has reached a level where arrays containing several thousand pixels (kilopixels) are practical and , indeed, necessary for fielding systems required for many industrial, research, and homeland security applications. Current easily deployable cryostat technology required to reach the ultra-cold operating temperatures of TES arrays (50 to 100 mK) can not cope with the size or the heat load of kilopixel arrays. The housings and shielding required to support such arrays have masses of several (~5) kilograms. Also, the heat load of several hundred wires traveling from room temperature down to the TES Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2009: FrequencyStable Optically Pumped Semiconductor Lasers http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=270 Technology research and development in such areas as next-generation atomic clocks, quantum information processing with trapped ions, and atomic spectroscopy is impeded by the lack of commercially available laser sources that meet the required specifications of wavelength tuning range, output power, frequency-stability and reliability. Arete Associates is developing frequency-stable Optically Pumped Semiconductor Lasers (OPSLs) to meet these specifications. OPSL technology exhibits a unique combination of compactness, efficiency, high power, wavelength tunability, and excellent beam quality. The objective of the Phase 1 SBIR effort was to assess the feasibility and robustness of single-frequency operation of two different OPSL cavity designs. The Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2009: Optimized Soft Magnetic Electrodes for Ultra-sensitive Magnetic Tunnel Juction Field Sensors http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=269 This SBIR project aims to develop a new class of low-field magnetic sensors based on magnetic tunnel junctions with magnesium oxide (MgO) tunnel barriers. The Phase II effort will continue the optimization of sensor performance, based on three major research thrusts. First of all, we will continue the magnetic engineering effort, turning the properties of the two key magnetic electrodes, in order to ensure that the sensor response is linear and reproducible. Secondly, we will systematically attack the two dominant sources of electrical noise in our MTJ devices. By making careful choices of sensor shape, mask layout, and annealing and Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2009: Refreshable Locking Tactile Image Array for Accessibility http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=268 This is an SBIR Phase II proposal to develop a tactile refreshable computer display prototype (TRCD) that will support multiple tactile alphabets (e.g. ELIA, braille, and Roman), multiple lines of text, and graphics to benefit the more than 1.8 million blind Americans. Commercially available TRCDs are expensive (~$12,000, or $19 per actuator), provide only one line of text (with 640 actuators) and don’t support tactile graphics. The researchers will develop an advanced prototype based on the patented NIST technology, using new technological approaches. This technology will support a TRCD with as many as 10,000 actuators at a cost of less Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2009: Efficient Low-Dark-Count Detector for Photon Counting http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=267 Voxtel has demonstrated efficient high-speed photon counting with thresholded linear-mode avalanche photodiode (APD) receivers using multi-gain-stage InGaAs/InAIAs APDs. In contrast to Geiger APDs, thresholded photon-counting linear APD receivers are thought not to suffer afterpulsing, and can support maximum count rates (MCR) up to 2 or 3 orders of magnitude faster than Geiger APDs. However, the early embodiments of this new photon-counting receiver have a much higher dark count rate (DCR) than InGaAs Geiger-mode APDs. In the Phase II project, Voxtel proposes to reduce the dark count contributions from both the APD and the transimpedance amplifier by developing a new embodiment Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2009: Three Axis Interferometer for Distance and Tip-Tilt Measurement http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=266 During the Phase I SBIR project Optical Physics Company (OPC) investigated a three axis interferometer instrument which measures the one dimensional linear translation and the two-dimensional angular deflection in pitch and yaw of a 7 mm mirror 18-23 cm away. Lab demonstrations both before and during the Phase I effort showed performance parameters better than NIST requirements. The Phase I effort also produced the blueprints of the design of a three dimensional nanometrology instrument 3S-NI). Its design is simple and compact, fitting within a 12.5x12.5x10 cm envelope. During the proposed Phase II effort, OPC will build and test 3D-NI. This Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2009: Development of Broadband VIPAs in Mid-to Long Infrared http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=265 VIPA etalons are simple compact devices that offer many times more dispersion than gratings and are finding increasing application where higher spectral resolution is needed. Current VIPA designs do not work in the spectroscopically important mid- and long-infrared wavelengths, and do not have large operating bandwidths compatible with femtosecond combs. Incorporating resolution improvements from Phase I, Precision Photonics proposes to fabricate VIPA devices capable of operating anywhere in the 0.4-10-micron range, and capable of ultrawide optical bandwidths. New coating materials and designs will be developed for the 3-10 micron range. Precision polishing techniques will be adapted for infrared substrate materials. Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2009: Large Area Domain Engineered Thin Film Pyroelectric Detectors http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=264 This Small Business Innovation Research Phase II project uses the “smart-cut” methods to produce high performance and advanced functionality lithium tantalate pyroelectric sensors. Phase I has been devoted to feasibility demonstration of the “smart-cut” process, preliminary design studies for the advanced pyroelectric detectors and prototype device fabrication and testing. The Phase I effort resulted in the first reported crystal ion slicing of lithium tantalate films. An ion sliced lithium tantalate film was successfully transferred to a silicon substrate. A bond process was developed to scale up the thin lithium tantalate film-on-silicon process to wafer scale. The large areas and film Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2009: Low Noise, InGaAs Dual Photodiodes for Precise Timing http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=263 Conversion of highly stable optical clocks into electrical clocks through photodetection introduces excess phase noise, thereby degrading the frequency stability. This noise is primarily generated due to the conversion of optical intensity noise into electrical phase noise by photodiode’s non-linearity, specifically power-to-phase conversion. During Phase I, Discovery developed dual photodiodes having a power-to-phase conversion of 3 rad/W at 1550 nm and 900 nm wavelengths simultaneously, which presents a 10 fold improvement in state-of-the-art. During Phase 2, Discovery will optimize the photodiode structure in order to improve its responsivity at 900 nm by a factor of two, while ensuring a 3 Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2009: AC Amplifier and System for Nanopore Based DNA Sequencing http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=262 The characterization of biologically relevant polymetric materials is a major focus of the bioinstrumentation industry. Of particular interest is the rapid, direct sequencing of DNA through a nanopore as well as the characterization of other biopolymers. Although progress has been made with nanopore sequencing, some fundamental instrumental and system issues have so far kept the method from realizing its potential. Electronic Bio Sciences has already developed a substantially lower noise single channel measurement system that has allowed the measurement of a number of DNA translocation phenomena that have not been previously recorded. Electronic Bio Sciences is proposing to further advance Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2009: Development and Prototyping of a Digital Pulse Processor for Improved Coincidence Detection, Rejection, and Pulse Recovery, for High Count-Rate Silicon Drift Detectors http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=261 The recent emergence of the Silicon Drift detector (SDD), for use in energy dispersive x-ray spectrometry (EDS), has made possible x-ray event streams with count rates as high as 1-10 Mcps. A problem with existing digital signal processing, as applied to SDDs, is the significant presence of coincidence peaks above the x-ray background. These coincidence peaks occur with amplitudes comparable to low-concentration species. In specimens with x-ray peaks arising from two or more elemental constituents, the coincidence peaks can occupy a sizeable portion of the spectrum between the high abundance peaks, leading to false identification of elements and significant errors Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2009: Model 8686H, Precision Resistance-Ratio Bridge http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=260 The result of this project will be a fully functional prototype of the Model 8686H Precision Resistance-Ratio AC Bridge. The unit is capable of measuring resistances from 0 to 400 ohms with better than 0.1 uohm resolution and an accuracy of better than +/-0.05ppm. The unit will have advanced features such as a built-in web-browser, USB interface and built-in complex functions. Examples of such complex functions are complimentary ratio-check and zero ohms power extrapolation for sensor measurements. The web-browser introduces features never before available in a Precision Resistance-Ratio AC Bridge. Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2009: High Efficiency, Large-area, 1550 nm InGaAs Photodiodes http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=259 A stable, well characterized InGaAs materials growth and photodetector fabrication process will be used to fabricate matched photodiodes optimized for balanced homodyne detection. The 1-mm-diameter p-i-n photodetectors will be manufactured back-illuminated with a 5-micron absorber, allowing residual light to reflect off the front-side metal to make a double pass through the active layer. Ultra-high-purity InGaAs will be used so that the absorber can operate fully depleted at relatively low operating voltages (< -5 VDC). The ultra-pure InGaAs will also reduce variation across the 1-mm-diameter detector and prevent breakdown. Operating the detector fully depleted will decrease the carrier transport time and Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2009: Medical Network Traffic Recorder and Real Time Diagnostic System http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=258 The medical device market rises rapidly as innovation produces a stream of new applications. The added mobility offered by wireless telemetry is fueling a trend of wirelessly networked devices. Standard wireless interfaces like ISO/IEEE 11073 are increasingly being adopted for interoperability. This boosts the proliferation of wireless medical devices yet also generates reliability challenges due to wireless network overloading. Our proposal develops a Medical Network Traffic Recorder (MNTR) device that securely captures and logs medical wireless traffic over such standard storing and playing back this traffic. The real-time monitoring and data warehousing enabled by MNTR allows development of a real Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2009: Dynamic Light Scattering Instrumentation Using Field Programmable Gate Array-based Digital Signal Processing http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=257 An existing low-cost FPGA-based processing platform will be demonstrated with fiber-coupling to single-photon detectors, to perform photon-arrival time stamping with <25-ps jitter. Multi-channel auto/cross-correlation will be implemented along with dynamic light scattering (DLS) analysis algorithms for fitting multiple diffusion models to measured samples. Existing Matlab and Simulink tools will be used to model the instrument, to perform design tradeoffs, and to develop a user interface for DLS experiments. An instrument specification will be finalized, including any necessary sensor and laser configuration and control interfaces, host I/O, memory, and identification of the features necessary for compatibility with the flow reactor and Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2009: First Steps in Transferring the Policy Machine Technology: Policy Machine Architecture and Functional Specification (PMAFS) http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=256 IAI proposes to first develop the functional specification and architecture for the Policy Machine that can be deployed on a local machine as well as a networked platform such as LAN, web services, clouds etc. The policy machine at its core is a meta-data (attribute) based access control engine which utilized policy-based rules to allow or dis-allow use of resources. The attributes may belong to either the requester or the resources, and may depend on context. Ultimately, the Policy Machine will extend its enforcement mechanism not only over access requests in which all resources are desktop –based but also over Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2009: Mark III Enhancement Program http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=255 The NIST array was the first public-domain digital array hardware design. It introduced the (then) novel idea of live capture and streaming of raw array microphone audio over Ethernet for use by one or more computers on a network. The design has been improved over the years to bring it to the Mark III version 2 (2005). The present system is an excellent tool for research into microphone arrays, audiovisual computer interfaces, and smart spaces. With some modification to address existing issues, as well as the addition of some useful features, the system can be successfully tailored for a variety Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2009: A Toolkit for Scalable and Automatic Security Analysis Using Security Metrics http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=254 Our society has become increasingly dependent on the reliability and proper functioning of a vast number of interconnected information systems. To improve the security of these systems, it is necessary to measure the amount of security provided by different systems and configuration since one cannot improve what cannot be measured. In this proposal, Intelligent Automation Inc. (IAI) and its consultant, Professor Sushil Jajodia from George Mason University, propose to develop a systematic toolkit including security metrics collection, security metrics integration, and data visualization components for scalable and automatic security analysis using security metrics. We will develop a security analysis toolkit Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2009: Programmable Fingerprint Emulator http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=253 This proposal is for the development of a technology apparatus which can dynamically synthesize a mechanical fingerprint pattern, from an electronic image or from a computer-generated artificial pattern, onto a 2-dimensional pliable surface whose surface height is modulated by protrusions in the z-axis direction. When mechanically applied to a fingerprint sensor-under-test, the synthesized modulated surface appears to be a human fingerprint. Thus, the instrument can be utilized to apply all sorts of pre-programmed, standardized, controlled and/or experimental fingerprint patterns to a variety of sensors-under-test. Some of the key parametric attributes of this technology are: greater-than-500dpi resolution, large contiguous active area Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2009: Comprehensive Wireless Residential Energy-monitoring System http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=252 To address the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) need for a complete residential energy-monitoring system, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Comprehensive Wireless Residential Energy Monitoring (CORE) system. This system is based on unique integration of multifunctional sensors into a novel wireless sensor network architecture. The innovation in the CORE system design, combining novel in-house sensors with commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) multifunctional sensors offers real-time comprehensive energy monitoring in a dwelling with low-power operation (battery/energy harvesting), long-lasting (about 5 years) performance, and low cost. Integration of these sensors on a wireless platform with a flexible radio Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2009: Sensor Systems for Complete Residential Energy Monitoring http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=251 A major challenge in assessing the effectiveness of energy conservation measures in buildings is conveying real-time information about energy consumption by particular end-use to occupants. Advances needed to address this challenge for commercial success include making these components inexpensive, easy to install and operate, and supportive of intuitive decision making about energy usage. The gap related to ease of installation is especially evident for sensors used to monitor residential infrastructure, such as furnaces, boilers, water heaters, and air conditioners. To address cost, TIAX proposes to use cost as an independent variable to develop a sensor suite and communication system at Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2009: Design for Commercialization of a Novel Integrating Sphere-based Ultraviolet Weathering Device http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=250 <p>NIST has developed an ultraviolet weathering device – SPHERE (Simulated Photodegradation via High Energy Radiant Emission) based on integrating sphere technology that is used to accelerate the degradation of polymeric materials. SphereOptics is a manufacturer of integrating spheres and has experience in developing high radiance output uniform sources based on sphere technology. Given its manufacturing background and technical expertise, SphereOptics is perfectly positioned to commercialize the SPHERE technology from NIST and target the following goals:</p> <ol> <li>Cost and size reduction to make this device simpler to install.</li> <li>Maintain the functionality and precision and accuracy of measurements of research system and extend it to Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2009: Nanoparticle Characterization in Fluid by Resonant Mass Measurement http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=249 This project will extend the microchannel resonator to the level of a few attograms, which will allow measurement of individual particles as small as 10 nanometers with unprecedented resolution. The Phase I effort will prove the feasibility of this approach by miniaturizing the MEMS sensors, thereby improving their intrinsic mass sensitivity up to 100-fold; and by simultaneously measuring the sensor resonant frequency with ultra-high precision. An eventual Phase II program would produce a complete nanoparticle measurement platform available for use at NIST and for commercial sale. Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2009: Developing Centrifugation Based Length Separation of SWCNTs for Advanced Applications http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=248 Carbon nanotubes are one of the most studied and potentially useful nanoparticles known. However, presently even the purest are only commercially available in mixtures of chiralities and lengths. Even though numerous lab scale methods to separate them have been demonstrated, few offer the potential to be scaled and offered as a product. Eikos has found that, for many applications, nanotube length is a far more critical variable for performance than chirality or electronic type. Eikos proposes to separate single walled carbon nanootubes by length using rate-based superspeed centrifugation. Eikos will develop a low-cost scalable process by using low g-force, large Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2009: Multichannel Sub-nanosecond Coincidence Detector http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=247 We will design, build and test a multiple channel time-stamping coincidence detector capable of analyzing at least 32 TTL inputs and detecting complex combinatorial relationships among those inputs, time-stamping the detected event coincidences with a timing resolution no greater that 625 ps. User-friendly software will be provided to control the detector. Five copies of a prototype will be delivered. Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2009: High-Performance Opto-Electronic Oscillator for Millimeter Wave http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=246 Leveraging Agiltron’s recent breakthrough in the broad band and tunable photonic high-Q factor RF filtering technique, we propose to develop a high-spectral-purity, low-phase-noise, spurs-free opto-electronic oscillator (OEO) operating at W-band for the NIST applications. Based on our unique technical approach and successful development in low loss fiber optics, RF photonic components/modules, and the drastic improvement in cost and performance of commercial electro-optical components, this OEO will provide a millimeter-wavelength source with ultra-high purity signal at 90 GHz to 110 GHz at room temperature. This RF source is a highly tunable module with high speed. The practicality of such an OEO Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2009: Silicon Carbide Avalanche Photodiodes for Single-photon Direct Detection of Lyman-alpha Radiation http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=245 In the proposed Phase I SBIR program, Aymont Technology and CoolCAD Electronics will design and demonstrate prototype silicon carbide (SiC) avalanche photodiodes (APD) specifically designed for high-efficiency, single-photon counting of 121.6 nm Lyman-alpha photons. This detector will be provided to relevant personnel at NIST for calibration and testing. Both discrete APDs and arrays will be used to enable a 3 x 5 mm detector suitable for this prototype testing. The proposed research will build upon Aymont’s demonstration of a SiC APD with over one million multiplication gain and CoolCAD’s extensive modeling of 4H-SiC APDs for 135 nm applications. An absorption Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2009: Development of Pulse/DC Characterization System for LEDs http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=244 The purpose of this project is to implement the process for a new method for the measurement of LED performance, but in a form that is low-cost, integrated, and easy-to-use, so that the barrier to entry is as low as is possible. Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2009: Fabrication of Advanced Waveguide Structures for Efficient Violet and Near-UV Generation http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=243 This SBIR Phase I effort will establish the feasibility of fabricating advanced waveguide structures in potassium titanyl phosphate (KTP) capable of efficiently generating 25 to 40 mW of frequency converted light in the 395 to 480 nm. The key innovation in this effort is to utilize KTP waveguides in a single-pass frequency doubling device to efficiently produce the desired laser wavelengths and power. This approach is enabled by advances in waveguide processing which allows for the fabrication of uniform waveguide structures to be formed in commercially available KTP in conjunction with AdvR’s patented submount poling technique. The results of this Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2009: Phase-stabilized 1-GHz Fiber-laser Frequency Combs at 2-5micron for Coherent Fourier Transform Spectroscopy http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=242 A GHz-rate phase-stabilized fiber-laser frequency comb system is proposed to be used as a light source for coherent Fourier transform spectroscopy. The system will be developed based on our proprietary glass/fiber technology, which features a low-cost, robust, highly stable, mid-infrared light source that enables the development of a robust portable c-FTIR spectrometer for absorption measurements of many important chemical/biological species. Both the pulse repetition rate and carrier-to-envelop offset frequency of the comb system are stabilized. High system stability is attributed to a sophisticated system design and a novel feedback design for the phase stabilization with an extremely high-bandwidth (>>50kHz). The Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2009: Compact Integrated System for Quantifying Inhaler Dose Concentration http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=241 Aerosol delivery of pharmaceuticals is an effective means of treating numerous diseases. Proper administration of drugs in this form requires knowledge of the droplet size and concentration of the active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) within the aerosol. Optical imaging is a robust method for obtaining this information. Physical Sciences Incorporated proposes to develop, build, and test a novel measurement system including optical patternation that will monitor droplet size and API concentration produced by metered dose inhalers. The development program will enhance the NIST prototype system by adding optical patternation software capable of quantifying the API concentration using fluorescence intensity measurements and Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2009: Chemometric Support for Temperature-programmed Sensing System http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=240 The Temperature=Programmed Sensing (TPS) system developed at NIST presents many opportunities and unique challenges. The data output from the system can be quite complex and there are many opportunities to optimize the system for specific sensing scenarios. We propose a program aimed at characterizing the system so that potential problems (such as system drift) can be solved early so that the full potential of the system can be realized. The plan includes studies on the stability and theoretical functionality of the sensors. This will result in procedures for instrument standardization and data base-lining. After this is accomplished, advanced preprocessing methods Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2009: Time Synchronization of Wireless Sensor Networks http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=239 A wireless sensor and actuator network capable of providing precision time synchronization between the nodes of the network will be developed. The IEEE 1451.0 smart transducer interface and IEEE 1588 time synchronization standards will be combined, with additional software and hardware to provide synchronization between the clocks on the Wireless Transducer Interface Modules (WTIM) sensors/actuators, or nodes. The 6LowPAN option of the IEEE 1451.5 standard will be used to implement the network. The network will be demonstrated with several WTIMs and an NCAP or Internet gateway. Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2009: Micro-Positioner Replacement of Piezo Actuators in Long-working Distance Interference Microscopes http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=238 The NIST patented six-degree of freedom micropositioner technology associated with this subtopic has been identified by E M Optomechanical, Inc. (EMOM) as a technology that could be incorporated into the company’s long-working distance interference microscopes. A key element in these microscopes is a piezo-actuator device, installed in a manual pitch/yaw mount, which translates a small flat mirror in nanometer-scale motions. Drawbacks in using piezo-actuators include their cost, fragility, non-linear motion, hysteresis, and high dc voltages required. EMOM believes the NIST patented micro-positioner technology could be used to develop a three-axis actuator that could replace the piezo-actuator and the pitch/yaw mount Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2009: A Method for Specification of Efficient and Effective Strategies for Measurement of a Measurement Article on a Coordinate Measuring Machine by Use of Measurement Simulation Techniques http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=237 We propose the definition, design, and prototype development of a software tool for use by the U.S. manufacturing community to enable the automated production of design-based measurement strategies of known reliability and high economic efficiency for coordinate measuring machines (CMMs). The measurement strategies so generated will meet the objective of reducing overall costs to near-minimal values, based on consideration of costs associated with both the direct use of the suggested measurement strategy and with its attendant risks of Type I and Type II accept/reject decision errors. The measurement programs will be created in a CMM-independent format (DMIS) to be applicable Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2009: Technology Transfer of Scanning Magnetic Field Imaging http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=236 High resolution magnetic mapping is a technique that has shown great value in the forensic evaluation of magnetic audio recording tapes. The use of single element raster scan systems has shown that the technique has promise in diagnosing many other systems where internal currents or magnetized inclusions generate external measurable fields. NIST has developed a 256 channel MR array sensor that has significantly increased the data collection rate for 2D magnetic field scans, with high resolution compatible with forensic evaluation of audio magnetic tape. ARC believes that if a system is established that can demonstrate the diagnostic ability of magnetic imaging with Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2009: Auto-limiting Transmission Lines Using High Temperature Superconductors http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=235 In this program, we propose to develop the Auto-limiting transmission lines using HTS. The first focus is to modify the NIST designs for fabrication by an outside vendor. The second focus is to fabricate the limiter designs using co-evaporation for deposition of the HTS material and compare the achieved device parameters. The third focus is the integration of the limiter onto a cryocooler. We will then have all the building blocks to develop a prototype HTS limiter subsystem in Phase II. Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2009: Multi-posed Virtual Family Models http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=234 A simulation platform to develop multi-posed models for micro-Doppler sensing is proposed. CAD model based human subject models, and hardware accelerated bio-electromagnetic modeling will be developed to understand EM interaction with human subject models. Since each organ is defined via a set of vertex coordinates, various morphing algorithm can be implemented. Consequently, the proposed models (virtual family model) can easily be opened and manipulated by open source software package OpenSim or other commercial software packages such as AMIRA, Rhino, and etc. Such flexibility in the CAD models allows for the following functions: 1) Simultaneous and realistic arbitrary positioning of the Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2009: Compact fs Fiber Laser Source for Broadband CARS Microscopy http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=233 Based on our success in developing the world first commercial 10 W fs fiber laser and 100 uJ fs fiber laser, PolarOnyx proposes a compact 200 mW (> 2 nJ) and > 1000 nm spectral bandwidth (extending from 1000 nm to 2000 nm) dual band compact supercontinuum fiber laser source to address the NIST request. It will use the most advanced fs fiber laser at 1550 nm (developed in-house) and PCF technology to generate two required wavelength bands at 940 nm (with SHG) and 1370 nm. Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2009: A Fully Integrated Commercial Multi-sample Multi-Slit Rheometer http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=232 Proposed here is the continued development of an innovative rheometer configuration design at NIST. It describes the determination of suitable detection, drive, control, software and assembly designs for a commercially viable, fully integrated device. The initial efforts will concentrate on examining the sub-systems of the design. An important feature of the proposed strategy is early commercial input to allow suitable performance specifications to be fixed early on. By examining competing instruments, and asking early questions of potential users, the design can be refined more accurately. In parallel to the development of the hardware and software modules, a detailed commercialization plan Thu, 01 Oct 2009 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2008: Innovative Residential Fire Sensor http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=231 outhwest Sciences proposes development of residential fire sensing systems based on low cost optical imaging sensors combined with newly introduced highly miniaturized, low power CO sensors. Sensor modules will also include temperature sensors. The modules will be part of a low power wireless network. Each module will be about ½ the size of a business card, a few mm thick, and will operate for at least a year using a lithium battery. Volume production will keep prices low enough (we aim for $10) that it will be practical to install at least one in each room of a residence. Sensor Wed, 01 Oct 2008 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2008: Development and Manufacturing of Lightweight Textile Fire Barrier for Furniture and Mattresses http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=230 New fire barrier methods are necessary to protect furniture and mattresses from fire. Current California (and soon National) regulations require mattresses to be able to pass the mattress fire burn test. Typical barrier fabrics use self extinguishing fibers with high limiting oxygen index (LOI) to create a barrier that the flame cannot pass. A second approach creates a carbon barrier that is formed during the fire. The carbon barrier is formed through the carbonization of the fibers in the fiber. Tex Tech plans to demonstrate the ability to manufacture lightweight felt barriers that can stop the flame spread, eliminate foam Wed, 01 Oct 2008 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2008: Innovative Fire Measurements Using Thermal Imaging http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=229 The most practical arrangement for investigating moving fires within a restricted space is to use a high- resolution stand off technique. One such method that fits this description is the use of a staring infrared (IR) sensing device (i.e. imager). Infrared imagers (also known as thermal imagers) respond to thermal energy radiating from an object surface. For flame measurements, this technique has the added benefit of sampling high-energy content, which will effectively boost the signal-to-noise ratio – a critical metric for imaging systems A robust thermal imaging device with a digital data processing engine and prescribed multi-spectral filtering presents an Wed, 01 Oct 2008 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2008: CVD-based Polytype Controlled SiC Nanowire Growth http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=228 A novel chemical vapor deposition (CVD) based step-flow epitaxy process is proposed for controllable growth of SiC nanowires with high polytype integrity. The SiC nanowires will be grown in a modified commercial high-temperature CVD reactor, used by industry for growing high-quality SiC epitaxial thin films. Different polytypes of SiC nanowires will be grown by choosing appropriate substrate materials as well as tuning the Si/C molar ratio in the precursor species. The nanowires will be grown on off-oriented substrates, in an attempt to ensure polytype purity. Various techniques for controlling the diameter, orientation and doping type / concentration of the SiC Wed, 01 Oct 2008 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2008: An Elevated-Temperature Nanobalance Based on Piezoelectric Shear Mode Resonators (quartz, gallium phosphate, and langasite) http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=227 The work proposed will provide a demonstration of feasibility and specific design recommendations for building an elevated-temperature resonating crystal balance with nanogram sensitivity. The approach will build upon existing technology commercialized by Masscal for operating a QCM in a temperature-controlled calorimeter. Precise temperature control and new types of crystal sensors will be used to greatly extend the temperature range of operation, reduce measurement errors at higher temperatures, and increase practical usability of the final product. In Phase I, we will (1) demonstrate current capability in gases under 100°C; (2) extend the capability to include aqueous solutions up to 85°C (3) Wed, 01 Oct 2008 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2008: Low Noise, InGaAs Dual Photodiodes for Precise Timing http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=226 Conversion of highly stable optical clocks into electrical clocks through photodetection introduces excess phase noise and degrades the frequency stability by two to three orders of magnitude. This noise is primarily generated due to the conversion of optical intensity noise into electrical phase noise by the photodiode’s nonlinearity, specifically power-to-phase conversion. We will enhance the photodiode linearity through optical beam shaping using axially varying graded index (AV-GRIN) lens. The proposed AV-GRIN lens coupled InGaAs/InP p-i-n photodiode will have a power-to-phase conversion factor of 3rad /W over a bandwidth of 18GHz, and will reduce the excess phase noise by an Wed, 01 Oct 2008 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2008: Development of Improved Virtually-Imaged Phased Arrays http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=225 VIPA etalons are simple, compact devices that offer many times more dispersion than gratings and are finding increasing application where higher spectral resolution is needed. Current VIPA fabrication methods limit efficiency, spectral resolution, filter response, and spectral bandwidth. Precision Photonics proposes to use its enhanced optical fabrication capabilities to build advanced VIPA prototypes that improve upon each of these areas. A photolithographic mask will lower the incident angle, improving VIPA efficiency. Thin-film coatings will be developed that are ultra-broadband and result in higher finesse values for the VIPA, thus improving spectral bandwidth and resolution. Improvements to the VIPA optical surface Wed, 01 Oct 2008 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2008: Frequency-Stable Optically Pumped Semiconductor Lasers http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=224 Technology research and development in such areas as next-generation atomic clocks, quantum information processing with trapped ions, and atomic spectroscopy is impeded by the lack of commercially available laser sources that meet the required specifications of wavelength tuning range, output power, frequency-stability and reliability. Arete Associates is developing frequency-stable Optically Pumped Semiconductor Lasers (OPSLs) to meet these specifications. OPSL technology exhibits a unique combination of compactness, efficiency, high power, wavelength tunability, and excellent beam quality. The objective of this Phase 1 SBIR effort is to assess the feasibility and robustness of single-frequency operation of two different OPSL cavity designs. The Wed, 01 Oct 2008 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2008: Efficient Low-Dark-Count Detector for Photon Counting http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=223 Voxtel proposes to develop fiber-coupled near-infrared avalanche photodiode (APD) receivers with photon detection efficiency (PDE) and dark count rate (DCR) with more than two orders of magnitude faster maximum count rate (MCR) than Geiger-mode APDs, which are constrained by a fundamental tradeoff between DCR and MCR: if the APD is cooled to reduce DCR, then its dead time must increase to avoid afterpulsing, which reduces MCR. Linear APDs are not subject to this constraint, and so can be operated with dead times less than 1 ns. This improvement in MCR translates into a proportional improvement in single photon bit rate, Wed, 01 Oct 2008 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2008: Improved Silicon Drift Detector Coincidence Rejection for Digital Pulse Processors http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=222 The recent emergence of the Silicon Drift detector (SDD), for use in Energy Dispersive x-ray Spectroscopy (EDS), has made possible x-ray event streams with input count rates in the range of 1-10 Mcps. Modern digital pulse processors are therefore required to run at fast time constants to achieve reasonable throughput; however, this causes significant coincidence artifacts to appear in the spectrum, thus complicating analysis. Phase I will design and demonstrate an improved coincidence rejection system based on 4pi's digital pulse processor development, and earlier pulse-shape analysis and recovery research. Wed, 01 Oct 2008 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2008: High Power, Mid-Infrared Fiber Supercontinuum Light Source http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=221 Modern supercontinuum (SC) light sources are generated by non-linear interactions between ultrashort pulse lasers and optical fibers. Output in near-ultraviolet to near-infrared wavelength ranges has been demonstrated. These light sources have high brightness and are spatially coherent. Recently, output to 4.5µm was achieved using fluoride glass fibers; optical absorption by the fiber prevents longer wavelength output. Challenges to extending SC sources to the mid-IR (out to 12µm) are the development of low-loss fiber materials (propagation in conventional glass fibers is limited by material absorption), the development of new, highly nonlinear materials, and designs that allow for mode confinement within the Wed, 01 Oct 2008 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2008: SyncEZ: Time Synchronization of Wireless Sensor Networks http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=220 The 1588 Precision Time Protocol (PTP) protocol has significant advantages for relative time synchronization on wireless networks. To synchronize the sensors into an absolute universal time coordinate system (UTC), the Grandmaster Clock needs to be synchronized to an external “clock”, e.g. a GPS-based clock. Dedicated GPS Grandmaster Clocks exist, but are expensive in both power-consumption and hardware required, especially given the infrequency with which external synchronization between the local clock of the grandmaster and the UTC time is needed. Under this effort, we propose an innovative solution based on NAVSYS’ GPS and ZigBee technology to develop a low cost timing Wed, 01 Oct 2008 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2008: Closing and Opening Worlds: Integrity Constraints and Expressive Keys in OWL http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=219 We propose to evaluate tree dominant semantics for description logic integrity constraints, as well as multiple proposals for adding syntax for integrity constraint axioms, to the Web Ontology Language standard, OWL. Further, we propose to implement a semantics, in the form of a syntax compiler and data set validator, in order to establish the feasibility and utility of such work for the validation of supply chain management messages, as well as for other, related forms of information integration based on ontologies. Being able to selectively manage open world an closed world reasoning assumptions allows the use of OWL as an Wed, 01 Oct 2008 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2008: Low-Loss, FemtoEtch, in-Fiber Fabry-Perot 860-nm Optical Filter http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=218 Most commercial filters have significant loss even in the passband of the filter. This problem is further exacerbated when the filter must be integrated or inserted within an optical fiber. Translume has developed over the last few years means and expertise to micromachine single-mode fiber using a combination of femtosecond laser pulses and highly anisotropic hydrofluoric acid etching. We propose to use this unique knowledge to fabricate in-fiber Fabry-Perot filters that meet NIST requirements. Furthermore, our integrated monolithic Fabry-Perot filters will be immune to the long-term drift and sensitivity to the environment that is plaguing other Fabry-Perot filter designs. Wed, 01 Oct 2008 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2008: Three Axis Interferometer for Distance and Tip-Tilt Measurement http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=217 Optical Physics Company is proposing a three axis interferometer instrument which measures the one dimensional linear translation and the two-dimensional angular deflection in pitch and yaw of a 7 mm mirror 18-23 cm away. The design is simple and compact, fitting within a 5x5x7.5 cm volume. An initial lab demonstration has already been completed showing performance parameters better than NIST requirements. The linear displacement precision was shown to 0.0089 nm (versus the 0.1 nm requirement) covering a working range from 18 cm to 23 cm. The demonstrated angular precision is 0.071 arc-seconds (versus the 0.1 arc-second requirement) with a range Wed, 01 Oct 2008 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2008: Kilopixel Array Cryostat (KAC) System for Multi-Kilogram Transition Edge Sensor (TES) Arrays http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=216 Identify and study candidate architectures for supporting and cooling massive (~5 Kg) arrays of transition edge sensors, achieving hold times for one week at temperatures below 100mK. Wed, 01 Oct 2008 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2008: Extended Refreshable Tactile Graphic Display (with Linear Actuation Array) http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=215 New innovative technology for the visually impaired has been developed by NIST. If commercialized, it would provide refreshable tactile graphical information to the visually impaired, enabling them to compete on a more equal footing in the workplace and the education system. Currently, accessing graphical tactile information is expensive and cumbersome. This is a huge impediment for the visually impaired as graphical information is a core asset in the computer age – conveying essential complex information efficiently. The research team will advance the NIST display technology by improving its pin density, screen size, refresh rates, reset mechanisms and user interface. Phase Wed, 01 Oct 2008 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2008: Detecting Intrusion from Network Anomalies (DINA) http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=214 This proposal introduces the Detecting Intrusion from Network Anomalies (DINA) system, which uses data mining tools to automatically detect anomalous behaviors that can be related to undesired intrusion and/or attacks upon computer networks, as well as other use patterns which may indicate behaviors which are non-hostile but still problematic. The application will make use of Ensembles of Decision Trees (EDTs) to mine the data and detect those anomalous behaviors. The system will utilize a Relational Database (RDBMS)/Data Warehouse (DW) Architecture that can be used to build, manage, deploy, score, and detect anomalies, all within the database. The model and approach Wed, 01 Oct 2008 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2008: High Efficiency Single Photon Up-Conversion in Waveguides and Pump Wavelength Longer than the Signal Wavelength http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=213 This NIST Phase 1 SBIR effort will demonstrate the feasibility of low noise single photon up conversion using KTiOPO4 (KTP) or LiNbO3 (LN) or Stoichiometric LiTaO3 (SLT) periodically poled waveguides and an 1800nm pump for a high efficiency single photon detector. The key innovation is using low noise periodically poled waveguides with a long wavelength (1800nm) pump leading to higher efficiency single photon detectors when used with Silicon-based avalanche single photon detectors (Si-APD). Use of waveguide Sum Frequency Generation (SFG) for 1535nm to 828.5nm up-conversion coupled with inexpensive and very efficient SI-APD technology is expected to significantly increase single photon Wed, 01 Oct 2008 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2008: Optimized Soft Magnetic Electrodes for Ultra-Sensitive Magnetic Tunnel Junction Field Sensors http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=212 This SBIR project aims to develop a new class of low-field magnetic sensors based on magnetic tunnel junctions with magnesium oxide (MgO) tunnel barriers. The phase 1 effort aims to maximize the high-frequency sensitivity of the MgO-MTJ sensor devices by optimizing the magnetic characteristics of the free electrode. By using new and novel combinations of magnetic materials, in conjunction with proper post-deposition thermal magnetic treatments, the free layer's magnetic anisotropy will be greatly reduced, improving device sensitivity. We will develop improved annealing procedures to minimize the effects of interlayer magnetic coupling on the new sensor devices, and to linearize the Wed, 01 Oct 2008 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2008: MWIR Spatial Light Modulators for Hyperspectral Image Projectors http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=211 The proposed effort is to build a high resolution, high speed spatial light modulator (SLM) to be used in infrared (IR) spectral projectors. An IR spectral projector produces programmable spectra by dispersing light onto a programmable array, currently digital micromirror devices (DMDs), which either transmit or block selected components of the light. the light is then recombined to form complex spectral signatures. Due to small pixel sizes and binary operation per pixel, diffraction from the DMD creates severe problems for many applications. This proposal addresses these problems through the development of a SLM that is spatially continuous within each spectral Wed, 01 Oct 2008 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2008: High-Accuracy, AC Resistance-Ratio Bridge http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=210 This SBIR deals with developing a commercial AC Resistance-Ratio Bridge based on research work done by R. D. Cutkosky at NIST during the 1980's. His initial work will be extended by this Phase 1 project to allow for a new state-of-the-art product design and development. The product, the Model 8686 Precision Resistance-Ratio Bridge, will have an operating current range from 0.1mA to 10mA user selectable. It will have two measurement ranges: a 40-ohm range (with 0.1uohm sensitivity) and a 400-ohm range. The unit will be able to work from any line voltage worldwide. The Model 8686's intended use is in Wed, 01 Oct 2008 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2008: RBAC-Based Workflow http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=209 Under this proposal, Virtual Global, Inc. proposes to work with NIST to develop RBAC-BASED WORKFLOW, a workflow system that will use RBAC in a web services model as a form of middleware that can be "packaged" accessed, configured, and reused by integrating with existing trusted RBAC implementations.</p><p>RBAC-BASED WORKFLOW will be developed in accordance with web services standards and protocols so that it may be accessed by a number of web-based applications, including Virtual Globals's enterprise team management and collaboration software application, TeamLeader<sup>TM</sup>.</p> Wed, 01 Oct 2008 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2008: Large Area Domain Engineered Thin Film Ferroelectric Pyroelectric Detectors http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=208 This SBIR technology transfer program offers the opportunity to produce a new generation of advanced large area and monolithic pryoelectric detector arrays that fully exploit the benefits of domain engineering and "smart-cut" technologies. SRICO will Investigate domain-engineering patterns to reduce acoustic noise as well as techniques to optimize a thin film absorber to enhance the detector absorptivity without substantially increasing thermal mass. Also, a method to extend domain engineering to create monolithic broadband position sensors and arrays will be explored. Smart-cut transfer of domain patterned crystal films on order of a few microns thick to silicon would enable formation of Wed, 01 Oct 2008 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2008: A Microcalorimeter Alpha Spectrometer for Analysis of Nuclear Material http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=207 A key factor of international efforts to identify and suppress the supply of and demand for nuclear materials, and thereby to deter potential traffickers, is the ability to accurately identify contradicted material and ultimately to trace it back to its origin. Alpha particle spectroscopy is widely used in nuclear forensics to assay trace quantities of sensitive nuclear materials, but the limited spectral resolution of conventional alpha spectrometers limits their effectiveness to perform high-accuracy assays of such materials. STAR Cryoelectronics proposes to develop a high-resolution alpha spectrometer based on microcalorimeter detectors offering nearly a ten-fold improvement in energy resolution, thereby enabling Wed, 01 Oct 2008 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2008: AC Amplifier and System for Nanopore Based DNA Sequencing http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=206 In order to realize robust, inexpensive and routine DNA sequencing for medical, forensic, security and defense applications, new approaches must be pursued. One approach is the rapid readout of individual nucleotides as a single strand of DNA is drawn through a nanometer scale aperture. Although progress has been made with nanopore sequencing, some fundamental instrumental and system problems have so far kept the method from realizing its potential. The solution is to develop a system with low inherent noise and an ability to improve current sensitivity without driving the polynucleotide faster. Electronic Bio Sciences is proposing to develop an alternating Wed, 01 Oct 2008 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2007: Gigabit/second Random Number Generator Using White Noise Generated by Delayed Optical Homodyne http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=205 SMI proposes Gigabit/second Random Number Generator using the white phase noise generated by delayed optical homodyne. In Phase 1, we have successfully demonstrated and delivered to NIST a bench-top proof of concept of the proposed random noise generator operating at >10 Mega-bit/second. This bench-top demonstration unit is operating today in the NIST laboratories. The delivered system successfully passed all the NIST statistical tests that could be finished on that delivery day. We proposed to further increase the speed of the random number generator, to further extend its frequency band to cover from DC to 10 Giga bits/second, and to supply Mon, 01 Oct 2007 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2007: Holographic Light-Emitting Diode-Based Solar Simulator http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=204 NIST is seeking a large-area solar simulator to overcome the shortcomings of current devices. Therefore, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) developed in Phase I a new Holographic Light-Emitting-Diode (LED)-Based Solar Simulator (HOLIOS) system based on: high-power LEDs with electronic drivers; holographic filters; and collimating, homogenizing, and projection optics for indoor testing of photovoltaic (PV) modules. The combination produces an irradiation spectrum precisely matched to the solar irradiation spectrum, with a uniformity or +/-2% over the entire area. In Phase I POC delivered to NIST a proof-of-concept prototype with an array of high-power LEDs and one-of-a-kind LED driver electronics to produce irradiance Mon, 01 Oct 2007 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2007: Low-Noise Detector Arrays for Raman Spectroscopy http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=203 We propose to demonstrate near infrared (NIR) sensor arrays with 10 times lower noise than arrays presently available to improve the sensitivity of current spectroscopy systems. Such an achievement would allow the measurement of new phenomena through Raman spectroscopy and other diagnostic techniques. The low noise performance is enabled by the use of low-noise Si readout integrated circuits mated to low-capacitance InGaAs detector arrays. Arrays using these two technologies have never been combined for spectroscopy applications. The new InGaAs sensor array is expected to achieve less than 20 electrons of read noise and quantum efficiency of greater than 80% at Mon, 01 Oct 2007 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2007: Imaging Variable Kinetic Energy Electron Analyzer http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=202 The objective of this proposal is to create a prototype imaging variable kinetic energy electron analyzer in the range 0.1 to 8 keV for use with an X-ray excitation source. The imaging analyzer is to have a target imaging spatial resolution of 100 nm. The X-ray excitation source will be a synchrotron light source. The instrument can be described as an X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) microscope XPM. The microscope will use a magnetic immersion projection lens and an electrostatic hemispherical electron analyzer. The images the microscope will produce will be multidimensional spectrographic images. A second objective of this proposal is Mon, 01 Oct 2007 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2007: Solid-State Broadly-Tunable Miilliwatt CW THz Source Based on Intra-Cavity Frequency Conversion http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=201 This proposal provides a breakthrough solution to realize a compact broadly-tunable THz local-oscillator, whose tuning range covers 0.8-1.2 THz with flat output power in excess of 200 uW. The innovation is based on high efficiency intra-cavity difference frequency generation. A dual cavity laser is designed to generate two separate frequency lasers, which share an EO crystal inside the cavity for THz generation. The THz frequency can be tuned by changing the EO crystal orientation. The output power can be controlled by an externally applied analog signal provided by the user. The power consumption is <40 W. In Phase I, the Mon, 01 Oct 2007 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2006: Multi-user Collaborative Tools for Immersive Scientific Visualization http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=200 Open Tech will create an interactive multi-user collaboration product for immersive and desktop scientific visualization. This product will leverage our Virtual Reality Windowing Library to enable an easy to use collaboration interface that includes user lists, radars, maps, avatars, white boards, and virtual presentations. The product will also contain a software framework that enables developers to create new collaborative applications that will also run on immersive clusters and may include complex simulations and user interactions. Sun, 01 Oct 2006 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2006: Distributed Automatic Reconfigurable Transponder (DART) http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=199 Williams-Pyro, Inc. (WPI) has designed and successfully demonstrated a proof-of-concept of the Distributed Automatic Reconfigurable Transponder (DART) that will be capable of achieving distributed multi-nodal voice/data communication for fire fighters. In Phase 2 we will focus on developing a fully functional system that reduces communication failure while maintaining a robust and flexible system. Specifically, WPI proposes to develop a fully functional AccuTag™-based DART, which consists of a series of distributed nodes that will relay voice transmission and data to the incident commander located outside the building. The DART system will be based on state-of-the-art technologies, allowing several distributed DARTs to Sun, 01 Oct 2006 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2006: Design and Realization of a Dual Function OCM/MPM for Imaging TEMPs http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=198 Regenerative medicine is an emerging, interdisciplinary field that will result in new engineered medical products. The introduction of a high-resolution, non-destructive imaging technique that is capable of penetrating deeply into the highly-scattering scaffold medium has the means to accelerate the development and commercial utilization of these novel materials. Multi-photon microscopy (MPM) is based on the detection of the fluorescence emitted by endogenous or exogenous markers. Optical coherence microscopy (OCM) delivers information on the sample's scattering properties. These modalities provide different imaging contrast mechanisms. It is highly desirable to combine both imaging functions into a single instrument. We propose to design Sun, 01 Oct 2006 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2006: High-Resolution, Two-Dimensional Neutron Imaging Detector http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=197 NOVA Scientific proposes a high-resolution neutron imaging detector having a specialized neutron-sensitive electron amplified detection stage integrated with a cross-strip electronic readout capable of centroid averaging. Phase 1 efforts demonstrated spatial resolutions of 15 µm with high detection efficiency and moderate counting rates. The Phase 2 proposed program will carry out further detector enhancements with construction of neutron-sensitive 40 mm MCPs having 5 µm pores on 6 µm centers and a specialized bias angle to enhance detection efficiency. The MCP glass will be specially formulate to minimize gamma noise events. Integrated with a more advanced electronic readout, the system objectives Sun, 01 Oct 2006 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2006: Development of a High Sensitivity Laser-induced Incandescence Instrument for Characterizing Soot and Carbonaceous Particles http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=196 A high sensitivity laser-induced incandescence system is proposed for the detailed characterization of environmental soot. The Phase 1 effort has clearly demonstrated the feasibility of (1) reducing the lower detection limit of soot volume fraction and increasing the overall measurement range by at least 2 orders of magnitude from what is currently achievable, and (2) providing PM particle size measurement capability. The prototype instrument to be developed in Phase 2 will be capable of real-time PM measurement over any engine transient operation. It will also have orders of magnitude more sensitivity than the gravimetric technique. The wide dynamic range and Sun, 01 Oct 2006 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2006: Construction of a Force Probe for Characterization of Microscale Features http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=195 The Phase 2 objective is to provide NIST with a modular gauge head unit equipped with InsituTec's standing wave probe technology. The complete gauge head unit will be retrofitted to the NIST M48 which is one of the most precise measuring machines in the world. This unit will enable NIST to achieve the agency's program goal in dimensional metrology which is to provide microscale measurement capacity to a level suitable for calibration services. At the end of the program, NIST will have a working measuring machine with the ability to measure challenging microscale features such as channels or holes <50 Sun, 01 Oct 2006 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2006: A Multi-Representation Architecture for STEP AP210-based PCB Stackup Design and Warpage Analysis http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=194 This effort creates foundations for highly automated simulation tools that predict warpage in printed circuit boards and assemblies (PCAs/PCBs) and chip packages. Our technique, MHS, provides core capabilities to automate warpage and other problems that were impractical until now. MHS extends a multi-representation approach the PI first conceived at Georgia Tech for CAD-CAE interoperability. This method defines and combines key ingredients in a novel way: rich product models based on open standards, idealization capture, advanced analytical modeling and finite element meshing, and a modular architecture based on knowledge patterns. Phase 2 accelerates this work towards commercialization by exploring effective meshing Sun, 01 Oct 2006 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2006: Gigabit/Second Random Number Generator Using White Noise Generated by Delayed Optical Homodyne http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=193 As more and more information is stored digitally and transmitted over the Internet, data and communication security becomes an ever more severe problem facing the military, the government and the financial industry, both for the United States and for all other developed countries. The need for data encryption technology is most urgent. One of the key technologies involved is the generation of truly random numbers. Having worked extensively on the random noise behavior of light-emitting devices, researching and developing both broad-band light-emitting diodes and low-noise semiconductor lasers for many different areas of applications, SMI proposes Gigabit/second Random Number Generator using Sun, 01 Oct 2006 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2006: Tunable CW THz Source http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=192 Sun, 01 Oct 2006 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2006: Imaging Variable Kinetic Energy Electron Analyzer http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=191 The objective of this proposal is to create a prototype imaging variable kinetic energy electron analyzer in the range 0.1 to 8 keV for use with an X-ray excitation source. The imaging analyzer is to have a target imaging spatial resolution of 100 nm. The X-ray excitation source will be a synchrotron light source. The instrument can be described as an X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) microscope XPM. The microscope will use a magnetic immersion projection lens and an electrostatic hemispherical electron analyzer. Sun, 01 Oct 2006 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2006: Low-Noise Detector Arrays for Raman Spectroscopy http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=190 We propose to demonstrate near infrared (NIR) InGaAs sensor arrays with 55% lower noise than arrays presently available to improve the sensitivity of current spectroscopy systems. The low noise performance will be enabled by the use of low-noise source follower per detector ROICs, which are also used in astronomy with HgCdTe for low noise measurements. With design improvements to current available ROICs, the new InGaAs sensor array is expected to achieve less than 20 electrons of read noise and quantum efficiency of greater than 80% at 77K. Such a sensor would directly lead to higher sensitivity than presently available at Sun, 01 Oct 2006 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2006: Holographic Light-Emitting Diode-Based Solar Simulator http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=189 NIST is seeking a large area solar simulator to overcome the shortcomings of current solar simulators. To meet this need, Physical Optics Corp. (POC) proposed to develop a new Holographic Light-Emitting-Diode-Based Solar Simulator (HOLIOS) based on holographic gratings, holographic diffuser, high-power light emitting diodes with electronic drivers, collimating and projection optics, and photodetectors for monitoring output. HOLIOS can accurately simulate both solar irradiance under a wide range of air mass conditions, and atmospheric absorption by water, oxygen, ozone, and carbon dioxide molecules. It can irradiate a 1.5 m by 1.5 m area at irradiance levels that can be varied from Sun, 01 Oct 2006 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2006: Intelligent Agent Toolset for 4D/RCS Architectures http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=188 There is an increasing demand for systems with more autonomous operations interacting with other autonomous and human-based systems. What is needed is an architecture bundled with developer tools for the creation of intelligent real-time control systems that marry the talents of modern control theory, software technology, sensory processing, and semantic knowledge representations. It would be a step closer to mimicking the human cognitive capabilities in a blended software/hardware system. 21st Century Systems, Inc. is pleased to propose to research and develop an intelligent agent toolset for 4D/RCS architectures. Our proposed research will use the 4D/RCS cognitive architecture and will extend Sun, 01 Oct 2006 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2005: Ultra-High Vacuum Compatible Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Spectrometer http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=187 Parallax Research, Inc. proposes to build an Ultra-High Vacuum compatible Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Spectrometer (WDS) that can be used on small spot Auger, XPS, TEM and FESEM analytical instruments for elemental analysis. The effort draws upon Parallax's experience in designing WDS systems for Scanning Electron Microscopes (SEM) and for XRF. This new type of x-ray spectrometer will eliminate the sources of leakage that plagued previous WDs systems used on UHV systems by using UHV compatible materials, motion feedthroughs and by replacing the leak prone gas flow proportional counter x-ray detector. During Phase 1, Parallax tested a potential proportional counter replacement Sat, 01 Oct 2005 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2005: Microfabrication and Micromaching http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=186 During Phase 1 Atometric developed and demonstrated principles of a four-axis micro machine. This machine is capable of machining metal parts that are sized within 50mm cube to an accuracy within one micron. Our goal is to develop a micro machine that is applicable to a broad commercial market. Three additional features need to be added to make the machine fully commercially viable. These three features are: an automatic tool sensor; an automatic tool changer; and, automatic part programming utilizing data from computer aided design programs. The proposed Phase 2 research focuses on developing those three features. Our proposed research Sat, 01 Oct 2005 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2005: Low-Cost Microcalorimeter Spectrometer for X-Ray Macroanalysis http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=185 A low-cost superconducting transition edge sensor (TES) microcalorimeter spectrometer is described for high energy and high spatial resolution X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy and microanalysis. The proposed microcalorimeter instrument offers an energy resolution that is comparable to and potentially even better than wavelength dispersive spectrometers, thereby enabling the resolution of interfering peaks at low energies, while the energy dispersive nature of the microcalorimeter also means that the full X-ray spectrum is immediately available for qualitative and quantitative analysis. The TES microcalorimeter spectrometer will address and meet a critical need for new, cost-effective analytical tools for high resolution X-ray microanalysis in materials Sat, 01 Oct 2005 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2005: VEWL: Virtual Environment Windowing Library for Device Independent User Interaction http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=184 Open Tech, Inc. seeks to develop a Virtual Environment Windowing Library (VEWL) that will provide users with an intuitive user interface and device independent interaction methods. The interface will allow users in a virtual environment to run applications and configure the environment using the same windows and controls that they are used to using on desktop systems. The software will provide for complete device independence, allowing users of any system to use the software regardless of the input devices that they are using (e.g. wands, mice, keyboards, PDAs, etc). The software will help facilitate the application development process for programmers, Sat, 01 Oct 2005 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2005: A Non-Contact Sensor for Advanced Warning of Structural Collapse http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=183 Summit Safety will develop an ultrasonic, non-contact sensor and system capable of detecting small displacements of structure - such as roof sagging and structural bending - and the acoustic sounds and fire-induced vibrations of structures that are precursors of structural collapse. The system will provide advanced warning to the Incident Commander of potential or imminent structure collapse. In Phase 1, the basic sensor was built, with the capability of measuring displacements under a thousandth of an inch at a distance of up to 12 feet from the structure. Velocity and acceleration signals provide additional motion sensing. For acceleration measurements, the Sat, 01 Oct 2005 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2005: Large Soft X-Ray Fluorescence Detector http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=182 Detector Technology will develop and manufacture a 10cm2 large format cone. The cone will be based on a ceramic substrate then coated with glass frit. The cone will then be attached to a standard single channel multiplier. Detector Technology will also investigate different low work function coatings to improve the first strike statistic of fluorescence. Simultaneous research in conjunction with sub-contractor, Nova Scientific, will include a large format microreticular, microfiber, or microsphere plate, which would also be enhanced by Detector Technology with a low work function coating. The final unit will be tested at Brookhaven National Labs for efficiency of Sat, 01 Oct 2005 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2005: Wireless Transducer Interface Module for Smart Sensor Network with Localization Capability http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=181 Sat, 01 Oct 2005 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2005: Active Mixing of Polymers in a Dispensing Head http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=180 Sat, 01 Oct 2005 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2005: Cross-Layer Optimization for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Using SCA Compatible Smart Radio http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=179 Sat, 01 Oct 2005 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2005: Collaborative Tools and Extinsible Object Interaction Techniques for Virtual Environments http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=178 Sat, 01 Oct 2005 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2005: Distributed Automatic Reconifigurable Transponder (DART) http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=177 Sat, 01 Oct 2005 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2005: Design and Realization of a Dual Function OCM/MPM for Imaging TEMPS http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=176 Sat, 01 Oct 2005 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2005: Avalanche Photodiodes for Enhanced Photon Counting Performance at 1.5 um http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=175 Sat, 01 Oct 2005 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2005: High-Resolution, Two-Dimensional Neutron Imaging Detector http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=174 Sat, 01 Oct 2005 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2005: Manufacturable Geiger-Mode InGaAs/InP Avalanche Photodiodes for Near-Infrared Photon Counting http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=173 Sat, 01 Oct 2005 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2005: Development of a High Sensitivity Laser-Induced Incandescence Instrument for Characterizing Soot and Carbanaceous Particles http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=172 Sat, 01 Oct 2005 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2005: Large Solid Angle X-Ray Detector for Electron Microscopy http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=171 Sat, 01 Oct 2005 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2005: Construction of a Force Probe for Characterization of Microscale Features http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=170 Sat, 01 Oct 2005 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2005: A Multi-Representation Architecture for STEP AP-210-based PCB Stackup Design and Warpage Analysis http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=169 Sat, 01 Oct 2005 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2005: Integrated Control System for an Adiabatic Demagnetization Refrigerator http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=168 Sat, 01 Oct 2005 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2004: Super-Precision Capacitance Bridge http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=167 Fri, 01 Oct 2004 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2004: High Power Single Frequency Source for Cavity Ring-Down Spectroscopy http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=166 Fri, 01 Oct 2004 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2004: Direct-Digital Phase-&-Amplitude-Noise Measurement-System http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=165 Fri, 01 Oct 2004 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2004: Dual-Probe CD-AFM Calibration http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=164 Fri, 01 Oct 2004 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2004: Realizaiton of Large Area Imaging Magnetic Analyzer http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=163 Fri, 01 Oct 2004 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2004: Monitor for Risk of Structural Collapse http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=162 Fri, 01 Oct 2004 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 2 of 2004: SMART Life Science Laboratory Solution http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=161 Fri, 01 Oct 2004 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2004: Superconducting Phase Reference http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=160 Fri, 01 Oct 2004 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2004: Ontology based Computational Tools for Distributed CAD http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=159 Fri, 01 Oct 2004 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2004: Standard Robot Platform Designed for Unstructured Environment Research http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=158 Fri, 01 Oct 2004 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2004: Next-generation Simulation Suite for Advanced Optical Metrology http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=157 Fri, 01 Oct 2004 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2004: Microfabrication and Micromaching - correct DUN# 142425888 http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=156 Fri, 01 Oct 2004 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2004: A Multi-Tracker Navigation System for Firefighters http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=155 Fri, 01 Oct 2004 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2004: Credential Management http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=154 Fri, 01 Oct 2004 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2004: TIGer: A Test Instance Generator for Large Programs http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=153 Fri, 01 Oct 2004 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2004: DIVERSE WIMP Framework http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=152 Fri, 01 Oct 2004 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2004: The H-Anim+ System: An Open Source Hardware Accelerated Human Avatar Browser API http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=151 Fri, 01 Oct 2004 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2004: Microresonator-based High-performance High-pressure Sensor http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=150 Fri, 01 Oct 2004 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2004: Optically Coupled Resonant Pressure Sensor http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=149 Fri, 01 Oct 2004 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2004: Next Generation Cryogen-free ADR Cryostat http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=148 Fri, 01 Oct 2004 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2004: High Pulsed Power Varactor Multipliers for Imaging http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=147 Fri, 01 Oct 2004 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2004: Advanced Microcalorimeter Instrumentation for X-Ray Microanalysis http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=146 Fri, 01 Oct 2004 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2004: Acoustic Pulsed Phase Locking Energy Sensor (APPLES) http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=145 Fri, 01 Oct 2004 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2004: ErAs:GaAs Photomixers for High-Resolution THz Spectroscopy http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=144 Fri, 01 Oct 2004 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2004: Technologies to Enhance Fire Safety http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=143 Fri, 01 Oct 2004 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2004: A Non-Contact Sensor for Advanced Warning of Structural Collapse http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=142 Fri, 01 Oct 2004 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2004: Intelligent Fire Information System http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=141 Fri, 01 Oct 2004 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2004: Carbon Nanotube Field Emission Electron Beam System for Electron Beam Ion Trap http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=140 Fri, 01 Oct 2004 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2004: UHV Solid State Detector for Wavelength Dispersive X-Ray Spectrometer http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=139 Fri, 01 Oct 2004 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2004: Ultra-High Vacuum Compatible Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Spectrometer http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=138 Fri, 01 Oct 2004 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2004: Novel Technical Approach to Produce III-N Sample Libraries http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=137 Fri, 01 Oct 2004 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2004: Development of a Laboratory Scale CD-SAXS Device for Semiconductor Metrology Applications http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=136 Fri, 01 Oct 2004 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2004: Rapid Thermal Annealing System with Controlled Temperature Gradient and Annealing Time http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=135 Fri, 01 Oct 2004 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2004: The Manufacturing of Large Soft X-ray Flourescence Detectors http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=134 Fri, 01 Oct 2004 00:00:00 GMT Awarded in Phase 1 of 2004: High Speed Low Loss Optical Switch http://tsapps.nist.gov/ts_sbir/sbirrss/index.cfm?action=contractdetails&id=133 Fri, 01 Oct 2004 00:00:00 GMT